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BUDAPEST HISTORY - THE HISTORY OF BUDAPEST HUNGARY

Budapest HistoryBudapes HistoryThe Celts were in Hungary from 3rd Century BC but were overthrown by the Romans in the 1st Century AD. The Romans started wine growing in Hungary and also utilised the thermal springs for their Bathhouses.

The Huns, Goths and Avars paid brief visits until Charlemagne ruled in 796. About 100 years later tribes of Magyars came from the Volga River and from Hungary made raids on the rest of Europe. Later they were converted to Christianity and Hungary’s first King Saint Stephen (Istvan) was crowned on Christmas Day in 1000 – this marking the start of the Hungarian State.

The Mongols arrived in the mid 13th Century; many Hungarians were killed so strong fortifications were built.

In the 15th Century the Ottoman Empire Turkish army was halted and there was peace in the late 15th century but in the early 16th Century the Turks were back and it wasn’t until 1686 that the Turks were expelled again and the Hapsburgs ruled Hungary for a time.

All these wars meant the infrastructure was destroyed and from the 18th century onwards there was much rebuilding. Under the rule of Maria Theresa and her son Joseph II Hungary prospered.

In mid 19th Century there was an uprising and in 1866 Austria was defeated by Prussia which was followed by an Austro-Hungarian monarchy. The latter half of the 19th Century was a period of growth and stability until World War I

After World War I and the collapse of the Habsburg Empire Hungary became independent but a 1920 treaty lost two thirds of its territory. During World War II in an attempt to regain some of its lost territory Hungary joined with the Nazi Germany. In 1945 Hungary was liberated by the Russian Army so started the communist era. In 1956 there was a revolt and Nagy was made Prime Minister but soviet tanks arrived and fierce fighting meant many were killed and many fled abroad. Quadra took over until 1988 and free elections took place in 1990. The change to a free market was painful and very many Hungarians found their living standards had declined.

Hungary gained full membership of the European Union in 2004.